SAI SMILE DENTAL CARE CLINIC
DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION
KNOW DENTAL PROBLEMS
KNOW TREATMENT OPTIONS
CAST PARTIAL DENTURE
§ENAMEL :-- outer layer of tooth . It is hard . There is no sensation.
§DENTINE :-- 2 nd layer . It is hard . There is sensation
§PULP :-- Innermost layer. It is soft . It contains blood vessels and nerves . It is highly sensative
§It is a defect in the enamel & / or dentine.
§It can be because of decay or removal of enamel and dentine ( reasons – wrong brushing technique , tobacco ,pan chewing etc. )
§It looks like black – brown spot on the tooth.
§There is no pain .
§If cavity is not filled in enamel it will grow deeper and reach layer of dentine.
§When it comes to dentine tooth shows sensitivity to hot and cold .
§Pain disappears immediately after removal of stimulus.
§When cavity is present in enamel or dentine ,filling can be done .
§Fillings are done in tooth colour filling material (composite resin ) with light cure technology .
§These aesthetic fillings are almost impossible to make out in the mouth.
§They give good service over a period of years and have replaced old silver fillings totally.
§If cavity is not filled in the layer of dentine it grows deeper and reaches pulp.
§If it grows rapidly [called ACUTEREACTION ] pain goes on increasing in duration [1 sec. to 2sec. to 5 …10 …. ] and ultimately there is continuous pain .
§If it grows slowly [called CHRONIC REACTION ] there is no pain or occasional sensation or patient may come with swelling, it may or may not be associated with pain.
§When decay reaches pulp ,pain goes on increasing in duration and ultimately there is continuous pain.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
§Throbbing pain in the tooth.
§Swelling in the jaw.
§Pain on chewing.
§Pain on consuming hot and / or cold foods.
§Teeth that are severely worn out.
§Medicines may not work properly
§Focus of infection will not go with medicines .
§Infection may come again if initial treatment is only medicines .
§If cavity has not reached up to the pulp, fillings can be done.
§If cavity has reached up to the pulp, ROOT CANAL THERAPY is the only treatment to save the tooth.
§If tooth is not treated in time it will go on breaking .
§Such a tooth can not be saved and needs to be removed since it is infected .
§R.C.T. can relieve pain immediately.
§In R.C.T. canal in the root ( where infection is present ) is cleaned and filled to give air tight seal , so that infection should not come back again.
§R.C. treated tooth needs strength since it has become brittle.
§To prevent fracture of the tooth internal and external reinforcement is required.
§Internal reinforcement is done in tooth colour composite resin with bonding technique.